The report of State of Working India (SWFI) has revealed that the salary of most workers in the country is less than ten thousand rupees per month. It includes 82 percent men and 92 percent female workers. If you talk about hard work in the last decade and a half, then there has been an increase of three percent or more per annum. SWIM Report released by Azim Premji University on Tuesday
It has been said in the report that the wages in all the areas are much less than the recommended salary (18,000 rupees per month) by the Central Pay Commission. Labor productivity has increased manifold faster than labor. As a result, employers have benefited more than workers. Employment is less born. India is struggling to change the high rate of economic development in good jobs, especially for its educated youth. However, caste and gender inequalities have not yet been reduced.
Increased unemployment rate among youth and higher educated
University Vice Chancellor Anurag Behar said that it is important for India to provide equitable and sustainable livelihood opportunities for all its citizens. This report, based on intensive research, examines many issues that can give employment growth to the country with a fair and complete inclusion as a campaign. University member and chief author of the report, Amit Basole, said that this report analyzes structural problems of the last several decades which has hindered the generation of adequate employment. The unemployment rate among the youth and higher educators has reached 16 percent.
According to the report, organized industrial sector performance in the last decade has been good. Many industries (especially large employers such as woven clothes, plastic and footwear) have increased their labor and employment. One reason for this is that the tendency of using machines in place of laborers is slower than the 1980s and 1990s.
There are many gender and racial inequalities among workers
The report says that gender and racial inequalities are very high among workers. For example, 16% of all service sector workers are women whereas 60% of the household workers are women. Similarly, 18.5 percent of all workers are from Scheduled Castes whereas 46 percent of the total labor force workers are from Scheduled Castes. However, gender gap in income is decreasing over time. Women’s participation in paid work is different in different states. For example, in Uttar Pradesh, only 20 women per 100 men are in paid work while in Tamil Nadu this number is 50 and 70 in the North Eastern states.
Suggestions for making a national employment policy in the report
The popularity of the idea of employment guarantee around the world is increasing. India is leading this trend with MNREGA and it should move forward based on its experience.
There has been an increase in interest in industrial policy at global level and new policies that increase the skill of working subsidy and skilled workers have emerged.
Need to analyze successful state-level employment policies and learn from a variety of state experiences.
The fiscal consignment used for public investment is available in adequate quantities. There is an urgent need to increase the level of income in agriculture and public investment is essential for this.
Universal Basic Services (UBS) program should be considered. To make jobs, human capital and public services, investing in education, health, housing, public transport and security would be appropriate.